Bee propolis, also known as "bee glue," is a resinous mixture that bees collect from tree buds, sap flows, and other botanical sources. The bees mix the propolis with their own saliva, beeswax, and other secretions to create a sticky, dark brown or greenish substance that they use to seal cracks and gaps in the hive, as well as to sterilize the hive and protect it from disease and pathogens.

Bee propolis contains a complex mixture of plant compounds, including flavonoids, phenolic acids, and terpenes, as well as vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. It has been used for centuries in traditional medicine for its purported health benefits, such as:

  1. Immune system support: Bee propolis has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that may help boost the immune system and protect against bacterial, viral, and fungal infections.

  2. Wound healing: Bee propolis has been shown to promote the healing of wounds and burns, due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

  3. Oral health: Bee propolis has been used in natural toothpastes and mouthwashes to help prevent cavities, gum disease, and other oral health problems.

  4. Skin health: Bee propolis has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that may help improve the appearance of skin and reduce the signs of aging.

  5. Digestive health: Bee propolis has been shown to have anti-ulcer and anti-inflammatory effects on the digestive system, which may help improve digestion and reduce symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders.

Bee propolis can be found in various forms, such as capsules, tinctures, and topical creams. However, people with bee or pollen allergies should use caution when using bee propolis, as it may cause allergic reactions.

Here is a simple recipe for making a homemade bee propolis tincture:


  • 1/2 cup bee propolis resin
  • 1 1/2 cups high-proof alcohol (such as vodka or grain alcohol)
  • Glass jar with lid
  • Cheesecloth
  • Dark glass dropper bottle


  1. Grind the bee propolis resin into small pieces using a mortar and pestle or coffee grinder.
  2. Place the ground propolis in a glass jar and pour the high-proof alcohol over it, making sure the propolis is fully covered.
  3. Seal the jar tightly with a lid and shake it vigorously.
  4. Place the jar in a cool, dark place and let it sit for 2-4 weeks, shaking it every day to ensure that the propolis is evenly distributed.
  5. After 2-4 weeks, strain the mixture through a cheesecloth to remove any solid particles.
  6. Pour the tincture into a dark glass dropper bottle and store it in a cool, dark place.

To use the bee propolis tincture, take 10-20 drops orally, or add it to water, juice, or tea. It can also be applied topically to the skin or used as a mouthwash for oral health. Note that this recipe is for informational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice.



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